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PENT Research Summary and Implications - 2013

In 2005 the PENT research team was formed by Diana Browning Wright to develop an effective behavior plan evaluation tool. This process was completed in 2009.

Three Step Process

  1. Review literature to incorporate consensus components for a behavior plan in alignment with the field of behavior analysis
  2. Develop a scoring instrument to quantify the extent to which a specific behavior plan demonstrates elements of excellence and establish inter-rater reliability to assure usefulness in the field (BIP-QE II Scoring Rubric)
  3. Evaluate large numbers of plans and determine that high scoring plans are implemented with fidelity and achieve positive outcomes for the student

Outcomes of Research

  1. The higher the score on the plan, the more likely the plan will be implemented with fidelity and the higher the likelihood that substantive change in behavior will occur for the student.
  2. Continued field practice has demonstrated inter rater reliability between adequate and inadequate plans and that high scoring plans result in greater legal defensibility and student outcomes.

Implications for Practitioners

  1. Use the behavior intervention plan available on the PENT website without modifications. (If modified, the scoring instrument would not apply. Additional research would need to be conducted and a new scoring rubric developed to demonstrate the outcomes listed above.)
  2. Research on the Behavior Plan has demonstrated that the better the evaluated plan, the more likely the plan will be implemented with fidelity.
    “Failure to properly or consistently implement the behavioral interventions identified in an appropriately developed BIP can amount to a denial of FAPE.” (Norlin, John W. (2012) FBAs and BIPS: Meeting IDEA Compliance Obligation. Palm Beach Gardens, Florida: LRP publication, p.28.]
  3. Use the BIP-QE II as a training tool when teaching staff how to develop a complete and adequate BIP. Research has shown that this tool increased staff performance.
  4. Periodically evaluate your plans to maintain skill mastery



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